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Penang, Penang Island

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Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait. It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula. The second smallest Malaysian state by land mass, Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and the east, and Perak to the south.Penang's population stood at nearly 1.75 million, while its population density rose to 1,666.3/km2. Thus, Penang has among the highest population densities in Malaysia and is one of the country's most urbanised states. Penang Island, which includes George Town, is Malaysia's second largest city by population. George Town, in particular, is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a thriving tourist destination.Penang's modern history began in 1786, when Francis Light founded George Town as a trading post of the British East India Company. Penang formed part of the Straits Settlements in 1826, which became a British crown colony in 1867. Direct British rule was only briefly interrupted during World War II, when Japan occupied Penang; the British retook Penang in 1945. Penang was later merged with the Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia), which gained independence from the British Empire in 1957. Following the decline of its entrepôt trade towards the 1970s, Penang's economy was reoriented towards hi-tech manufacturing.
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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
65 reviews
  • We used Carol Lee for our airport transfers and a day tour recently. As many have reviewed, she was punctual, polite and accommodating and a careful driver. She was also great to share her local...  more »
  • We were very lucky to have Carol Lee as our Driver/Guide. She is very knowledgeable about her native homes many food destinations, culture and history. As a family of five we were very comfortable...  more »

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