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Trip Planner South America  /  Ecuador  /  Carchi Province  /  Tulcan

Tulcan

4.8
Cemeteries · Sacred & Religious Sites
Tulcán is the capital of the province of Carchi in Ecuador and the seat of Tulcán Canton. The population of the city of Tulcán was 47,359 in the 2001 cenesus and 53,558 in the 2010 census. Tulcán is known for its hot springs, deep wells, 3-acre topiary garden cemetery, the most elaborate topiary in the New World, created with Cupressus sempervirens by José Maria Azael Franco in 1936. The city is the highest in Ecuador, at 2,950m above sea level.EtymologyThe name is a Spaniard derivation of the indigenous peoples' original name Hul-Can, which means "Warrior".HistoryThe known history of the aboriginal occupants of this lands begins with the conquest of the Incas, who never definitively conquered this people. The northermost outpost of the Inca Empire, according to Spanish chroniclers, was the Rumichaca Bridge, 7km from Tulcan on the present-day border with Colombia.The Spanish, seeking gold, became interested in the Quillasinga (the name given to the land), meaning "Gold Noses". Quillasinga was named without distinction of the ethnic occupants including the Pastos. Upon assuming the sovereignty for the Spanish crown, the territory was divided into provinces: Quillasinga road to Quito, Quillasinga road to Popayan, Quillasinga road to Almaguer, and Quillasinga road of the mountains. Tulcan's foundation is said to have been on June 11, 1535. With the arrival of colonists and further Spanish conquistadors, its growth increased and immediately passed to serve the Township of Otavalo, until 1600 when it passed to the township of Ibarra. During the colonial age it remained under the authority of the Real Audiencia de Quito, in which it increased its economic importance, until it became the most significant locality in the region.
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