Shumen Fortress, Shumen

3.4
#5 of 7 in Things to do in Shumen Province
The Shumen fortress is an archaeological site overlooking the city of Shumen in north-eastern Bulgaria.
It is an ancient fortress with historical links to a village nearby traced to early Iron Age and later owned by the Thracians in the 5th century BC. Then, from 2nd to 4th centuries AD, it was controlled by the Romans who built towers and walls, and it was refurbished by the Byzantines as their garrison town. Shumen thrived in the Middle Ages as an important stronghold of the Bulgarian Empire. In 1444 the fort was destroyed by the Ottomans after their victory in the Battle of Varna over a Christian army under Władysław III of Poland. The fortress remained deserted ever since. Restoration works on the fortress commenced in 2012 under the project titled “Bulgaria Begins Here”, and was completed partially in 2015 with financial assistance provided under the European Economic Area and Norway Grants to the Shumen Municipality and the Shumen Regional Museum of History.
The fortress is built over a hill which gives a commanding view of the Shumen city. It is located at a distance of from the Shumen city's Tombul Mosque. It is located within the Shumen Plateau Nature Park. From the entrance of the fortress, about away is the "Creators of the Bulgarian State" Monument erected in 1981 during the communist regime to commemorate the 1300th anniversary of the Bulgarian state. An information center is away from this monument and a track from here leads to the fortress.
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  • Thesr ruins provide some interest for the history buff. Overlooking the city and show how fortresses were built in the past and why they were located on prominent positions  more »
  • Cool ruins that give you a true feel for the layout of all the buildings that once filled this fortress, how many churches there were in such a small area, how narrow the streets were, and the...  more »

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