Rozhen Monastery, Melnik

#1 of 12 in Historic Sites in Blagoevgrad Province
The Rozhen Monastery of the Nativity of the Mother of God (Bulgarian: Роженски манастир "Рождество Богородично", Rozhenski manastir "Rozhdestvo Bogorodichno", Greek: Μονή Ροζινού, Moni Rozinou) is the biggest monastery in the Pirin Mountains in southwestern Bulgaria, nestled in the Melnik Earth Pyramids. It is one of the few medieval Bulgarian monasteries well preserved until today.

The earliest archaeological evidence of medieval life at the place is a grave with a few coins and decorations from the time of Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos (1259–1282). Some other items also date to the 13th century while the marble frieze above the central gate of the church dates to the 13th or 14th century. A couple of new buildings were constructed in the monastery at the time of Despot Alexius Slav. The earliest written source testifying to the monastery's existence is a note on a chant book from 1551, today in the Great Lavra library on Mount Athos.

The monastery church was built before the 15th century and painted in 1597; some of those frescoes are preserved. In 1611, the south facade was painted. The Rozhen Monastery was devastated by fire between 1662 and 1674, destroying the library and severely damaging most buildings. The monastery was restored over the next century with the financial help of rich Bulgarians from the whole country. The reconstruction began in 1715 and was fully finished in 1732.

The monastery reached its apogee in the 19th century, when it was a regional centre of Orthodox Christianity and owned a lot of land in the area. Famous Bulgarian revolutionary Yane Sandanski's grave is located near the monastery.
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Rozhen Monastery Reviews
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192 reviews
  • I was there in August, 2019 as a guest of those living in Bulgaria. They knew I was bringing a walker due to balance issues after having several really bad falls and 2 knee replacements. They...  more »
  • Aprox. 700 years old monastry from 7 km from Melnik. This summer was the second visit, and we enjoyed again... If you can avoid a larger group of tourists or wait for them to leave, you can feel the.....  more »
  • Peaceful place, clean air, quietness. The monastery is very well preserved. A must visit location
  • Highly recommend the hike from Melnik to the monastery. 1.25hours, requires good mobility and reasonable fitness. Beautiful views throughout, mostly in shade. You can refill water bottles at the monastery

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